Tasriani and Sarman lived in Muara Danau, a beautiful village in Semendo District of Ogan Komering Ulu-South Sumatera. They have 3 beautiful daughter and son, the oldest daughter also a midwife in their village.
They are a coffee farmer who often faced with a challenge to increase their productivity to support their life, to ensure good education for their child and to sustain their future.
As a result of our GALSGAP Training we encourage them to analyze their situation and create a sound solutions for their challenge.
Sarman & Tasriani, Muara Danau Monday 18 April 2016
Increase coffee income challenge action tree
Challenge on production: yellow, thin, too much leaf (diseases), worms (pests), Climate uncertainty of dry and rainy season, using less amount of fertilizer. Solution: add fertilizer, make row rack, shading tree, pesticide.
Challenge on household: education expenses, social events. Solution: To have a better communication in family to discuss domestic affair and share responsibility on daily chores, strengthen social support and sharing knowledge in arisan session and also in Qur’an reading session that usually held once a week in their village, accessing finance service to soft loan from bank, strengthen family saving, and become cooperative member.
Challenge on marketing: lack of mean of transportation to sell to IndoCafCo (usually they do it by ojeg (motortaxi)). They often have to sell to tauke (middleman -collector in village) because they have debt at the tauke so have to sell to them. Another challenge is price differences between tauke (middleman) in their village and Indocafco is different. Solution: To discuss with Indocafco and Cooperation in their village if they can give transportation support.
Household economy tree analysis.
In their household, Sarman’s productive activities are as a cotter or daily labour agriculture (buruh tani) sometime he do plough, digging, fertilizing or pruning for other farmer for 50.000 Rupiah per day when Tasriani paid 30.000 Rupiah per day for every work she do as a cotter to give fertilizer, weeding, planting. Their income as a cotter used to buy vegetables, fish, and daily food.To support their daily life, Sarman sometimes become an Ojeg driver in their village, which the income then split in two with his wife.
Domestic/Reproductive activities: Sarman often help in household activities such as sweeping, repairing fish pond for home consumption, and repairing fence. Mean while Tasriani do cooking, washing, cleaning, sweeping, take care of their children and education.
Joint productive activities: ploughing paddy field with small mechanical plough (bajak, harvest), coffee (spraying, fertilizing, harvest, pruning, row rack (wind hole)). Paddy half for own consumption, half for sale (collector comes to buy – woman and man depend on who is in house). Coffee transporting by ojeg to collector, husband negotiate with tauke about the price. Tauke gives receipt (husband always gives to the wife) à Expenses: for education expenses and saving in bank. From paddy for children’s education.
Men’s ownership: coffee farm, motor (2 pcs), saving in man’s name (if wife’s savings have been exhausted). Woman’s ownership: jewelry, house, paddy field (both inherited by wife as eldest daughter – tunggu tubang), saving account (to pay for children’s education), saving in woman’s name (for children).
Decision making: discussion between wife and husband, final on husband.
Action for change: reduce smoke (Rp. 15.000 to Rp. 8.000/pax; 1 pax to half. Today only 2 pcs), reduce gasoline (4 ltr to 2 ltrà depend on situation), add more coffee land, improve fish pond, add more coffee land, improve fish pond, reduce: clothes, snack for children (make snack self).
Leisure time: woman: socialisations with family and friends
Man: go to waterfall, see scenery alone or with children.
Multilane Highway Sarman & Tasriani
Vision: happy family, have more money, and to ensure children get education.
Opportunities: coffee farm, husbandry and poultry.
Target 1 year: child graduation (August)- have 10 million
April: selling goat and duck egg, durian (Rp 2 million income) for children school expenditure, electricity, etc. Rp. 500.000 for saving. May: selling goat and duck egg, harvest coffee, reduce smoke. Save Rp. 2 million. June: get arisan money, borrow from bank.
Challenge on June-July: more expenditure for Ramadhan.